In learning to use personal object pronouns in the different case forms (nominativ, akusativ, genitiv, lokativ, dativ, etc.), you will be able to able to really increase your communication skills. These words appear very frequently, so much so in fact they tend to blur into adjoining words to the beginner’s ear. By committing these to memory, you’ll start really hearing parts of each sentence better.

The clitic form, or short form (e.g. ga, mu, ih, joj) is used most of the time and comes in the second position in the sentence. If the long form is the same as the short form (vam, vam), they are differentiated by using a stress on the long form when speaking.

In the instrumental case, sometimes an is added, as indicated, only when pronoun is used without a preposition such as s, sa (with).  For example: Moji roditelji se ponose mnome. (My family is proud of me).

Nominativ Akusativ Genativ Dativ Instru.
subject direct object of, from indirect object with
me ja me mene  me mene mi meni mnom(e)
you ti te tebe te tebe ti tebi tobom
him on ga njega ga njega mu njemu njim(e)
her ona je, ju* nju je nje joj njoj njom(e)
it ono ga njega ga njega mu njemu njim(e)
we mi nas nas nas nas  nam nama nama
you (pl) vi vas vas vas vas  vam vama vama
they (m) oni ih njih ih njih im njima njima
they (f) one ih njih ih njih im njima njima
they (n) ona ih njih ih njih  im njima njima
oneself** se sebe se sebe si sebi sobom

*Je is most commonly used for ona.

**A special set of reflexive pronouns, where the object is the same as the subject, meaning oneself, himself, herself, ourselves, themselves.

TIP: When doing writing practice or copying lessons or exercises from any study materials, always take the time to circle or highlight each of the object pronouns, and note the case above it. This habit of breaking down the sentence structure will help ingrain the grammar rules so that they become second nature as your studies continue.

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